Nicosia District

The district of Nicosia, located in the heart of Cyprus, offers visitors a unique combination of history, culture, and modernity, making it an ideal holiday destination. Nicosia is home to the capital city of Cyprus, which boasts a rich history dating back to the Bronze Age, with landmarks and archaeological sites that provide a glimpse into the island’s past.

The old town of Nicosia, enclosed within its medieval walls, is a maze of narrow streets and alleyways, where visitors can wander and explore traditional architecture, charming shops, and local tavernas. The historic center is home to several museums and galleries that showcase the city’s art and culture, including the Leventis Municipal Museum, the Cyprus Museum, and the Bank of Cyprus Cultural Foundation.

For those seeking a more contemporary experience, Nicosia’s modern side offers trendy bars, cafes, and restaurants, as well as shopping and entertainment options. The city also has a bustling nightlife scene, with numerous bars, clubs, and music venues catering to different tastes and styles.

In addition to its urban offerings, Nicosia district has a wealth of natural beauty to explore. Visitors can enjoy scenic walks and hikes in the Troodos Mountains or take a trip to the idyllic Lefkara village, known for its intricate lacework and silverware. The district also has several picturesque villages, each with its own character and charm, such as Kakopetria and Omodos.

The district of Nicosia is home to several festivals and events throughout the year, including the Nicosia Pop-up Festival, the Cyprus International Film Festival, and the Nicosia Beer Fest. These events provide an opportunity to experience the city’s cultural diversity and vibrant atmosphere.

Nicosia district is easily accessible, with the Larnaca and Paphos airports both located within an hour’s drive. The district also has a well-developed transportation system, including buses and taxis, making it easy to explore the surrounding areas.

Overall, the district of Nicosia is a perfect holiday destination for those seeking a mix of history, culture, nature, and modernity. Its vibrant atmosphere, friendly locals, and diverse offerings make it a must-visit destination for any traveller to Cyprus.

Cyprus flag
CapitalNicosia city
CurrencyEuro: € (EUR)
Time ZoneCentral European Standard Time: GMT+2
Central European Summer Time: GMT+3


The Nicosia district offers a blend of modern and traditional attractions, making it an excellent destination for visitors seeking both culture and entertainment.

One of the most significant landmarks in Nicosia is the Ledra Street checkpoint, which marks the border between the north and south of Cyprus. Visitors can walk across the checkpoint and explore the northern part of the city, which offers a unique blend of Greek and Turkish culture.

The old town of Nicosia is also worth a visit, with its charming narrow streets, traditional buildings, and historical monuments such as the Selimiye Mosque, a stunning example of Ottoman architecture.

For a taste of modern culture, visitors can head to the Nicosia Municipal Arts Centre, a contemporary art museum that showcases works from local and international artists. The district also offers several shopping centers, such as the Mall of Cyprus, which houses a range of stores, cafes, and cinemas.

Nature enthusiasts can explore the Troodos Mountains, located just a short drive from Nicosia. The mountain range offers stunning landscapes, hiking trails, and scenic villages such as Kakopetria and Platres, where visitors can experience local culture and hospitality.

Finally, visitors can enjoy the district’s lively nightlife, with a range of bars, clubs, and restaurants offering entertainment late into the night. Nicosia is known for its vibrant nightlife scene, with several venues hosting live music and events throughout the week.


Here are some of the best towns and cities to visit in the Nicosia District:

  1. Nicosia – Nicosia is the capital of Cyprus and is known for its rich history, stunning architecture, and vibrant cultural scene. Some of the must-see attractions in the city include the Venetian walls, the Old City, the Archbishop’s Palace, and the Cyprus Museum.
  2. Kakopetria – Kakopetria is a picturesque mountain village located in the Troodos Mountains. It is known for its traditional architecture, beautiful churches, and stunning natural scenery.
  3. Kyrenia – Kyrenia is a historic coastal town located in the northern part of the Nicosia District. It is known for its medieval castle, ancient harbor, and beautiful beaches.
  4. Lefkosia – Lefkosia (also known as Nicosia) is the northern part of the city of Nicosia, which is divided between the Greek and Turkish Cypriot communities. It is known for its historic landmarks, such as the Büyük Han, the Selimiye Mosque, and the Ledra Palace crossing point.
  5. Troodos – Troodos is a mountain range located in the center of Cyprus. It is known for its beautiful natural scenery, charming villages, and excellent hiking and skiing opportunities.

These are just a few of the many towns and cities worth visiting in the Nicosia District. Each one has its own unique charm and attractions that make it a worthwhile destination for travellers.


  • Nicosia is the capital city of Cyprus and the largest city in the Nicosia District. It is the only capital city in the world that is divided between two countries, with the northern part of the city under Turkish control and the southern part under Greek control.
  • The district is home to the Troodos Mountains, which are the highest mountain range in Cyprus. The mountains are known for their scenic beauty, hiking trails, and ski resorts.
  • The ancient city of Tamassos, located in the Nicosia District, is known for its rich history and archaeological sites. Visitors can explore the ruins of the ancient city and learn about its important role in ancient Cypriot culture.
  • The Nicosia District is also home to several traditional villages, such as Lefkara, which is famous for its lacework and silver handicrafts. The village has a long history of producing high-quality lace and embroidery, and its handicrafts are sold throughout Cyprus.
  • The district is home to the Hala Sultan Tekke, which is one of the most important Muslim shrines in Cyprus. The mosque is dedicated to Umm Haram, a companion of the Prophet Muhammad, and is a popular pilgrimage site for Muslims from around the world.


One of the most popular dishes in Nicosia district is meze, a multi-course meal that consists of small dishes such as hummus, tzatziki, grilled halloumi cheese, dolmades, and grilled meat or fish. Other traditional dishes include kleftiko, a slow-cooked lamb dish, souvlaki, grilled meat skewers, and moussaka, a baked dish of layered eggplant, potatoes, and ground meat.

Seafood is also a specialty in Nicosia, with fresh fish and octopus being popular menu items. The city also has a strong coffee culture, with Cypriots enjoying their coffee in traditional cafes known as kafeneia.

For dessert, try loukoumades, small fried dough balls covered in honey syrup, or baklava, a sweet pastry made with layers of filo pastry, honey, and nuts.

When it comes to drinks, wine is a big part of Cypriot culture, with the island being home to several local wineries. Zivania, a clear spirit made from distilled grape pomace and flavored with anise, is another popular drink in Nicosia. Additionally, Cyprus is famous for its coffee, which is often served with a small glass of water on the side.


The best time to visit Nicosia largely depends on your preferences and what you want to experience during your trip.

The peak tourist season in Nicosia and Cyprus, in general, is from June to August when the weather is hot and dry. This is a great time to visit if you enjoy spending time at the beach, as well as outdoor activities such as hiking and exploring the city. However, the high temperatures may not be suitable for everyone, and the city can get quite crowded during this time.

If you prefer milder temperatures, it’s best to visit Nicosia during the spring (March to May) or fall (September to November) seasons. During these months, the weather is cooler and more comfortable for outdoor activities. The spring season is particularly beautiful, with wildflowers in full bloom and lush greenery. The fall season is also pleasant with fewer crowds, making it easier to explore the city and attractions at your own pace.

The winter months (December to February) in Nicosia can be cold and rainy, but this is also a great time to visit if you’re interested in experiencing the local culture and festivals, including Christmas and New Year’s celebrations. Additionally, winter is an ideal time for indoor activities such as visiting museums and galleries.


The geography of Nicosia is characterized by low hills and plains with the Pedieos River running through the city.

The climate in Nicosia is typically Mediterranean with hot and dry summers and mild and rainy winters. During the summer months, temperatures can reach up to 40°C (104°F) with very little rainfall. In the winter, temperatures can drop to around 10°C (50°F) and rainfall is more frequent.

Nicosia is known for its long periods of sunshine, with an average of around 320 days of sunshine per year.


Nicosia District is the perfect destination for some time away from home however make sure you plan ahead to not miss out on the best destinations and receive local knowledge. Shop for a good Nicosia District travel guide on Amazon today and keep it in your bag during your stay.